శ్రీ కామాక్షి అమ్మ, కాంచీపురం


The town of Kanchi was the capital of the ancient Pallavas. The Kailasanathar temple here is one of the grand Pallava monuments. The Kamakshi Amman temple at Kanchipuram is an ancient one and is associated with Aadi Sankaracharya of the 1st millennium CE. The Tamil saying Kanchi Kamakshi, Madurai Meenakshi and Kaasi Visalakshi illustrates the importance of the Shakthi shrine that it is.

Ekambreswarar temple, the Kamakshiamman Temple and the Kumara Kottam temple and the Ulagalanda Perumaal Temple are the primary shrines in Periya Kanchipuram. The first three mentioned above are located in a manner as to suggest the Somaskanda manifestation of Shiva, Uma and Skanda in the town of Kanchi. There are no shrines to Ambal, in any of the shrines to Shiva in Kanchi. Kamakshi is considered to be wholly present in Kanchipuram, as the only Ambal shrine.

Legend has it that Kamakshi offered worship to a Shivalingam made out of sand, under a mango tree and gained Shiva's hand in marriage.

Architecture:
The temple covers an area of about 5 acres, and the sanctum is crowned with a gold plated vimanam. Kamakshi is enshrined in a seated posture in the sanctum - and is referred to as the Parabhrama Swarupini, seated with Bhrama Vishnu Rudra Eswara and Sadasiva. A Sri Chakram has been installed in front of the image and worship is offered to it.



It is believed that Kamakshi was originally a Ugra Swaroopini, and that Aadi Sankaracharya, upon establishing the Sri Chakra, personified her as the Shanta Swaroopini (see also Akhilandeswari at Tiruvanaikkaval). It is believed that during the days of Adi Sankara, the presence of the Ugra Swaroopini was felt outside the temple precincts, and that Sankaracharya had requested her not to leave the temple complex. Symbolic of this, the festival image of Kamakshi, takes leave from Sankaracharya, at his shrine in the inner prakaram, each time she is taken out in procession.

The layout of the temple is rather complicated. The outer prakaram houses the temple tank, and several mandapams such as the 100 pillared hall, the dwajaarohana mandapam etc. Imposing views of the golden vimanam can be had from the outer prakaram, which is pierced with four entrances on all four sides. Images to Vishnu (Ninraan, Irundaan, Kidandaan) are seen near the temple tank.

One enters the four pillared hall then the inner prakaram, and climbs a series of steps, and reaches the sanctum. Immediately surrounding the sanctum are small shrines to Ardhanareeswarar, Soundaryalakshmi, Kallar (who has been mentioned in the hymns of Tirumangaialwar) and Varaahi. In this prakaram are shrines to Bangaru Kamakshi, Maha Saraswathi and Aadi Sankaracharya.



Kanchipuram is the seat of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham established by Adi Sankaracharya. It is believed that Sankaracharya attained samadhi at Kanchipuram, although another school of thought holds that Kedarnath in the Himalayas is the site of his samadhi.

About Goddess Kamakshi:
The Padmasana posture is said to resemble a lotus. In the Yogic practice this resembles the form of meditation. The Goddess holds a Sugarcane bow on her left upper arm and Lotus, Parrot in her right upper arm. The Goddess also has divine chakras called Pasa and Angusa in her arms.

The Goddess also has a Chandraperai (a shape of moon like structure) in her forehead. The Goddess Kamakshi is situated in the middle of temple premises.

History reveals that Goddess Kamakshi was praying under a mango tree with a Shiva lingam made of sand to marry the great Lord Shiva. After a long duration of dedicated and devoted meditation to Lord Shiva, Lord Shiva appeared before her and married the Goddess Kamakshi, a divine form of Parvati. There are no traditional Parvati or Shakti shrines in the city of Kanchipuram, apart from this temple, which adds even more legend to this temple.

Festivals:
Four worship services are offered each day. The jewels adorning the image of the deity are of great beauty. The annual festival is celebrated in the month of Maasi. The silver chariot festival falls on the 7th day. Other festivals include Navaratri, Aadi and Aippasi Pooram, Sankara Jayanthi and Vasanta Utsavam in Vaikasi.

How to reach:

By Air: Nearest airport is at Chennai, 75 km away from Kanchipuram.

By Train: Kanchipuram is well connected to Chennai, Puducherry (Pondicherry), Nagaercoil and Madurai.

By Bus: Regular buses are available from Chennai to Kanchipuram. State owned public transport buses connect Kanchipuram to many cities in and around Chennai.

Best Time to Go: September - Feb

Places near Kanchipuram
Adikesava Perumal Temple located 35 km away in Sriperumbudur is an interesting place to visit. Sriperumbudur is the birthplace of Sri Ramanuja (born in 1017), a foremost exponent of the philosophy of Vishishtadvaita (a blend of philosophies of Dvaita and Advaita). Ramanuja is believed to be an incarnation of Ananta, the primordial serpent and occupies a place of importance in the Adikesava Perumal Temple.

Panduranga Temple, 34 km away in Thennangur is a popular pilgrimage spot. The temple vimanam is fashioned after the Jagannath Temple in Puri and the front gopurams are of Pallava style, while the presiding deities are from Maharashtra.


Temple contact's:

Sri Kanchi Kamakshi Ambal Devasthanam

KANCHI KAMAKSHI AMBAL DEVASTHANAM
New No. 6, Old No. 144/A,
Kamakshi Amman Sannathi Street ,
Big Kanchipuram - 631502
Tamilnadu
India

Tel :
+91 - 044 27 233433 - 2722 1214
Mobile:
Kannan - +91 - 96262 72525
Syama - +91 - 98436 32411
Gopi - +91 - 98948 76787
Karthik - +91 - 98948 89191

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